The word 'astronomy' is derived from the Greek word “astronomia” which is actually a combination of two more Greek words: “astron” meaning stars and “nomos” meaning law. Astonomy is therefore, The Law of Stars. Scientfically, astronomy is the study of everything in space, including cosmic bodies, like stars, galaxies, planets, meteors, dark matter, and asteroids that inhabit the universe. Astronomy is often confused with Astrology. Astrology is the study of the relative positioning of various celestial objects in the universe and their proposed effects upon human lives, as well as personalities. Ancient astronomy included astrology. In historical past, the discovery of a new star meant the birth of a king, while a falling star represented a mark of military victory. Astronomy is a pure physical science, and is concerned with discovering patterns which help us to understand how the universe works. Most astronomers consider astrology to be superstitious, unproved by science or rational thinking. The positions of planets, according to astronomers, will have no effect on our lives, unless carefully observed. Discoveries in the night sky, such as a blazing meteor, asteroid showers, the massive array of stars, planetary movement, and the changing moon phases have fascinated mankind for centuries, inspiring the vivid imaginations of many generations. Many physical processes, models, and theories in astronomy like Nuclear Fusion, Gravitation, The Big Bang Theory, and Black Holes, provide us with a better understanding of the many wonders in the universe. Galileo Galilei was the first modern scientist to observe outer space with the use of telescope, and is known as the “Father of Astronomy”. The original Greek theory of astronomy, the geocentric theory, held that the Earth was stationary, the center of the universe, and all other planets, as well as the stars (ex. the sun) revolved around it. Nicolaus Copernicus smashed the Greek theory with his heliocentric model of the universe which we use today, earning him the title, the “Father of Modern Astronomy.” As per Copernicus' heliocentric model, the Earth and all other planets revolve around the stationary sun which is the universe center.
The word “Zodiac” is derived from the Greek word “zoion” which means animal. Zodiacs are of two particular types. Astrology is based on assumptions and interpretations of the cosmic bodies on human lives. In astronomy, the zodiac provides a precise position of the celestial bodies present in the universe. Many stars and constellations names are based on old mythological characters, for example, the Orion constellation, comes from the stories and legends from the ancient Greeks, Sumerians, and many others.
Indian actress, Madhuri Dixit -Nene, now has a star named after her in the Orion constellation. The star whose shares the actressess' namesake was given by her fans. Romans named the sun, moon and the five brightest planets after their important gods. The sun was named after Apollo (god of enlightenment). The moon was named after Diana (goddess of the Hunt). The planets were also deemed diety worthy in naming: Venus was named after the Greek goddess of Love, Mercury after the Messenger of the gods, Jupiter after the King of gods, Mars after the god of War, and Saturn after the god of time. Most familiar star names have originated from ancient cultures. These names are a mix of Greek, Latin, and Arabic. Claudius Ptolemy, the Egyptian astronomer wrote the “Almagest.” This was a Greek script which recorded the names of stars given by different cultures. Most of these were recorded in Greek, while others had Latin origin. This manuscript was translated into Arabic by the Arab world which was very well known for storing ancient astronomical observations and documentation used by their scientific community. The Arab translation became popular among future astronomers. Stars having proper names are the phonetic translation of the Arab names into English. However, in modern culture, stars are not given proper names. A star is given a common name, owing to the contribution of various astronomers in the field of science. Some stars, like Sirius, the brightest star in the sky are still known by their Latin or Greek names. In most cases, numerical descriptors are given to the star to indicate their position in the night sky. This name is associated with a distinct star catalogue which groups the stars together having certain property, which helps identify what type of star belongs to which region while undertaking scientific study and performing research.
There are a number of companies that name stars, also. However, these names are not actually recognized by any official astronomical organization. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is the universally recognized primary authority in the field of astronomy. The names given by the IAU cleave tightly to the historical roots of the ancient cultures. However, this type of naming convention has also significantly declined in modern times.
Humans are highly interested in the origins of the universe and attempt to explore this arena in numerous ways. Multiple objects exist in the study of the celestial bodies which are based in astronomy. Candies, such as Milky Way, Mars Bars, Star Burst, and Star Bars appeal to most children, as well as many adults. Today, parents inspired by the field of astronomy, often reflect upon the power of star naming their babies which fills them with wonder and amazement that's out of this world. Astrology Names for Girls: Adhara -Virgin (also a bright star) Andromeda – Princess (constellation / galaxy ) Bellatrix – Female warrior (a bright star ) Cassiopeia -Queen (constellation) Stella – Star Astrology Names for Boys: Alioth – The Bull (bright star) Hercules – Hero of Greek mythology (constellation) Leo – Lion (constellation) Perseus -Hero (constellation) Regulus – Little king (bright star)