“Shqiperi” is the Albanian name of the country Albania, which means “Land of the Eagles”. The national flag and emblem of Albania has the two-headed bird which symbolizes the existence of these animals in the mountainous regions of the country.
The naming custom of Albanians consists of a given name, family name and a patronym. These three names form a typical Albanian name as in, Behar Flamur Gjon. The patronym is the first name of a person’s father, without the use of any suffix. A particular tribe or clan may form the basis of an Albanian surname.
Religion is another factor contributing to the unique origin of surnames in Albania. Albanian names may not necessarily define the religion of that person, but could incorporate religious elements characterizing the person. For example a person having a surname “Akhtar” with Islamic roots is not necessarily a Muslim. Albanian names can be given based on place-names, as well. For example, the name, Elbasan,  indicates that the person is from the region, Elbasan.
Albanians are predominantly followers of  the religion of Islam. Most ethnic Albanians are therefore considered either, Muslim or Sunni Muslim. Christianity is also practiced in Albania, but is far less commonly seen in practice than Muslim rites. The tribes in the Balkans region, namely Germanic and Slavic, have influenced the Albanian language, as well as their customs. Proto-Romanians, also known as Vlachs, also contributed significantly towards the Albanian language. Most linguistic components of the Albanian language are derived from Greek and/or Latin words.
The language of Albania is similar to the language spoken by those inhabitants known as, the Estonian and the Finnish. A widely accepted theory in Albania regarding the Albanian language is, the originating roots being derived from the Illyrian. However, due to very little knowledge available on the Illyrian language, the actual contribution is one of high debatability. Two major dialects, Tosk in the south and Gheg in the north, are spoken in the country. These dialects are also spoken in Macedonia and Kosovo. The two dialects are closely related. The Tosk dialect uses the Greek alphabet, while the Gheg dialect uses the Latin alphabet. The official language of Albania is the Tosk dialect. Albanian language is also known as Shqip. The Albanian language also uses the Roman alphabet. Ethnic Albanian groups in Kosovo speak the language known as Kosovo which is similar to Tosk.
The birth rate in Albania is extraordinarily high, as compared to other regions in Europe. Having faced multiple hardships in wars, large number of male population in Albania were destroyed. Albanians consider the birth of a child in the family very significant, especially a male child, and believe in the biblical means of reproduction as procreation for survival. The birth of a baby boy is celebrated with songs and rifle firings on the northern mountains in Albania. A childless family is considered to be one of “bad luck”. In Albania, a woman holding a single status and not bearing a child is implausible and highly undesirable among Albanians. As per old customs, an Albanian woman would marry her man officially only after giving birth to a son. This practice is still commonly seen in northern Albania. A house painted black from the outside was a sign expressing discontent of a girl child being born in the family. A woman who is about to conceive a baby is often greeted with the words “May a son be born”. This practice exists in modern Albania, even today.
As stated, Albanians are highly gender biased with respect to the birth of children, toward males. A son is given more importance than the daughter in the family. Luan “Lion”, Ujk “Wolf” are example of names given to boys to protect them from evil powers, and girls were given names like Sose “The Final One”, Mbarime “The Last One”, signifying preference of a boy child, as suggested by the Kosova scholar, Mark Krasniqi.
Albania is situated in SE of Europe. Macedonia, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia are nearby countries. Tirana is the capital city of Albania, located near the Adriatic Sea in the western part of the country. Other big cities include: Vlore, Durres, and Elbasan. The general population of Albania is very poor and lives in abject poverty. The majority of the population of this country is dominated by the youngsters.
Albania is a country with a very rough history. The Roman army in defeated the Illyrians which ended the Albanian peoples first taste of independence, in the the 1st century BC. The Romans remained in authority until 395 AD when present day Albania was split in half and put under the command of Byzantines. Various tribal raids including those by the Croatians, Huns, Visigoths, Ostrogoths, and Avars, ensued under the Byzantines until finally, in the early 7th century, the entire Albanian empire was either destroyed or severely weakened. With the Bulgarian Empire taking control of eastern Albania somewhere around 850 AD, Albania became a highly valuable cultural center. The late 13th century ushered in another decline, this time of the Bulgarian Empire, and Albania became integrated into a Serbian state, changing political hands once again. In 1385, at the Battle of Savra, the Ottomans took control of Albania and despite a brief interruption of power from 1443-1478, continued to rule it for 600 years. The late 1800’s marked a time of faded nationalism, as Albanians once again began to pursue independence. The Albanian National Awakening organized revolting efforts and in 1912 with the Balkan War, Albanians were once again free from political rule.
The country faced invasions from Italy and the German Nazi forces during World War I. During the leadership of Communist leader of Albania, Enver Hoxha, who practiced rigid policies isolating Albania from the world, there were little opportunities for any religious activity. All political or social interferences were strongly opposed during this time. Most Albanians attempted to migrate however, they weren’t successful, and most returned back to the country. In the modern times, most Albanians have settled in various different countries like Greece, Italy, the U.S., and others. The United States of America intervened in 1920, supporting Albanian independence. America’s political support led to the full acceptance of Albania by the League of Nations. Today, Albanians living abroad are now adopting foreign names for their children assimilating to their countries of residence.
Albanian Names For Boys:
Artan –  means golden
Engjell — means angel
Lirim –  means Freedom
Besnik – means loyal
Besim – means faith
Albanian Baby For Girls:
Ejona – means ours or owned by us
Blerta – stands for the color green
Bora – means foreign or strange
Zamira – means one having a good voice
Elira – means free or one who has freedom