Name in Turkish is either ad or isim. The language spoken in Turkey today is Turkish, one of five Turkic languages. Turkish, Uzbek, Kazakh, Azerbaijani, and Kyrgyz are the Turkic languages spoken in eastern Europe and regions of Asia The Turkic languages are branches from the Altaic language family tree. Modern Naming Custom Since the 20th century, a given (first) name and a family name make-up a complete Turkish name. However, before the early 20th century, family names in Turkey were not commonly used. Turkish vocabulary words serve as the origin for most Turkish given names. For instance, the names Tülay and Emin. See Iranian names and Arabic names for additional sources for Turkish given names. The Sultans Sultan names from the Ottoman Empire from the13th century to 15th century Ottoman Empire were very popular for masculine given names. Today, variants of these sultan namesakes are often used. A bey in the Ottoman Empire was in Turkish a “chieftain”. The title originated in 1299 with Osman during the Sögüt tribe leading west Turkey's independence from the Seljuk Turks. The term, 'The Ottoman Empire' is derived from Osman's namesake. His grandson, Murad I “strength, authority” (Arabic), became Turkey's 1st sultan. In 1908, the Young Turk Revolution usurped the power of the sultan. The sultan position was abolished in Turkey officially in 1922. Turkish Name Derivation/origin Modern Variants Selim Ottoman sultan name x3 Lim, Seli Ahmed Ottoman sultan name x4 Ed Mahmud Ottoman sultan name x2 Mahmu Mustafa Ottoman sultan name x4 Musta, Fa Murad Ottoman sultan name x5 Murado Orhan Ottoman bey name Orh Osman Ottoman sultan name x2; bey name Os, Osma Abdülhamid Ottoman sultan name x2 Abdul Abdülaziz, Abdülmecid Ottoman sultan name x2 Abdula, Abdule The Ad The ad is the name or names bestowed upon a child at birth in Turkey. Traditionally, Turkish names were highly gender specific and were designated as such, Tugçe (females only) & Oguz (strictly males only). However, modern Turkish babies are given unisex names which are chosen for meaning rather than classification, like Deniz, Derya, Yücel, Evrim, Evren, Aytaç, and Özgür. Turkish first names are derived from Turkish words with specific meanings in the language. Turkish mythology. A second given name derived from Arabic is a religious distinction in Turkey. Adopting Arabic names of reverenced Islamic figures, like Ali, is a distinguishable declaration to the religion of Islam brotherhood. Mehmet is the Turkified variant name derived from the Muslim name, Muhammed The Soyadi Surnames in Turkey are called soyadi. The soyadi is commonly used and written following the ad or adler (pl), like is customary in the West (first name or ad, last name or soyadi). The full Turkish name is expressed in the written form [Soyadi, Ad Ad] on official Turkish documents. “The Central Civil Registration System” is the Turkish birth registration procedure used in preparation for official baby naming documentation in each district's governorship in Turkey. It can also be utilized to change Turkish surnames according to the Turkish Civil Law. Turkey's laws state, children take the surname of their father, if father is unknown, the mother's surname is used. Upon marriage the wife may take her husband's surname or choose to retain her maiden name which becomes the family name, followed by the husband's surname. In 1934, The Law on Family Names, a product of the Atatürk's Reforms, all Turkish citizens were required to officially adopt a surname. Prior to this mandate, most Turk men used the suffix –oglu (“son of”) after their father's name, such as Mustafa-oglu Hasan, or the family nickname. Turkish law demands the soyadi “family name” be one word, non-gender specific, and are patrilineal, children adopt their father's surname without any change. Prior to the new surname requirements, Turks who descended from ruling houses would use the suffix -zade which means “descendant in the male line” as in the name, Sami Pasazade Mehmet Bey. Nobility notions have been abolished in Turkey, so the archaic noble forms or noble types of surnames are no longer in usage.