Bengal is the historic region where the majority of the Bengali population resides. They belong to an ethnic community which has now been divided between Bangladesh and India in the southern part of Asia. The main language of these people is Bengali also known as “Bangla”, an Indo Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent. Bangla evolved years back from the Magadhi Prakrit and Sanskrit languages.
Bengalis have the sweetest names, but it's difficult for non-Bengalis to pronounce these names as the pronunciation is different from all other Indian names. The name “Dev”, for example is pronounced as ‘Deb' by Bengalis due to their mispronunciation of the letter “v” properly. Bengali names are categorized into two main name types, Hindu and Muslim.
Hindu Bengali Names
Hindu Bengali names include the first name, middle name and usually the family name at the end, the last name. Hindu Bengalis don't use their middle names in casual conversations. Typically, it's common practice to address Bengalis by their first name. Hindu Bengali names are further sub-categorized into several other categories.
“Kayastha” surnames such as “Mitra”, “Dey”, “Dutta”, “Bose”, “Ghosh”, “Sen” and “Das”.
Brahmin surnames include “Chatterjee”, “Ganguly”, “Goswami”, “Mukherjee” and “Banerjee”.
Brahmin names are usually clan names or names, which belong to a particular group or “Gotra”.
Bengali Status Designation
A title is usually included to describe the nature or status of the person. These titles are mostly used with the family name resulting in the complete drop out of the same. Some common honorifics include “Balan”, “Bose”, “Chaudhuri”, “Dutta”, “Paul” and “Ray Chaudhuri”. Other common Hindu Bengali names include “Kundu”, “Deb sharma”, “Purakayastha/Purkait” and “Makur”.
Muslim Bengali Names
Muslim Bengali names can be written in two distinctive formats. The name could be written as Name, Middle Name and Family name. The second format is written as follows: Family name, Middle Name and Name. Just as in Hindu Bengali names, the middle name is excluded in casual conversations. Muslim Bengali Names also include a title which include designations, such as “Mir”,”Chaudhuri” and “Khondokar”.
Modern Naming Customs
Bengali names have changed over a period since Bengali people moved from their native place to other parts of the world. Names in Bengal were traditional Bengali names but they aren't used as widely as the more modern Bengali names, today. Bengali names traditionally originated from various religious books and scriptures, such as the Bhagavad Gita, the Quran, and the Holy Bible.
The Language Link
Bengali language doesn't have a distinct letter case and is written from left to right. It's recognized by a distinctive horizontal line running along the top of the letters. This links them together through a common property it shares with two other popular Indian scripts- Devanagari (used for Hindi, Marathi and Nepali) and Gurumukhi (Used for Punjabi). One of the most widely used writing system in the world is the Bengali script as it's not blocky.
Bengal's 2 Capitals
It's difficult to determine the actual nationality of a Bengali since the country's boundaries constantly change. Bengal has two boundaries which are referred to as East Bengal and West Bengal. Dacca is the capital of East Bengal. Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, is located on the eastern coast of the Hooghly River. Bengali people living in Kolkata are quite modern and advanced since the city of Kolkata is comprehensive consisting of multiple ethnic groups, like the Biharis, Marwaris, Oriyas, Anglo Indians, Chinese, Tamils, Telugus, Parsees, Nepalis, Caucasian, Malayalam, Gujarati, Marathi and Assamese. Many people from these sects have helped Kolkata become Bengal's thriving western capital city.
How Culture Shapes Benali Names
Parsees who settled in Bengal before the British have been converted into entrepreneurs by the colonial power. Punjabis was a major contributor in the fields of Technology, Arts, Commerce and Business, Military Warfare, as well as in Irrigation. The promotion of the values found in Buddhism and Confucianism was spearheaded by the Chinese, while the Marwari's dominated the cotton jute and subsequently also playing a major role in the banking industry.
The language and culture of Bengal is a shared tradition of two politically divided parts which includes East Bengal and West Bengal. Bengal is known for its long tradition in folk literature, evidenced by “Shreekrishna Kirtana”, “Charyapada Mangal Kavya” and numerous other literary treasures. Bengali literature in the Medieval Age was dominated by either religious influences (e.g. Chandidas), or remixed adaptations taken from other languages (e.g. Alaol). In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries during the Bengal Renaissance, Bengali literature was modernized through the works of a few creative minds. Some of these who became very famous authors were “Rabindranath Tagore”, “Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar”, “Michael Madhusudan Dutta”, “Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay”, and “Kazi Nazrul Islam”.
The cultural influences of the Bengalis forms a main part of Indian culture. Indian culture has its roots in Bengali literature, music, fine arts, drama and cinema.
Famous Bengalis
Some famous Bengali people include “Salman Khan” who is an American educator and the founder of Khan academy. He was named as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by time magazine in 2012.
Julius Silver Professor “Debraj Ray” is also Bengali. He is a professor of economics at the New York University and the co-editor of the American economic review.
“Rabindranath Tagore” is known to have laid the foundation for Indian Arts and Literature. He was the first Non-European to win a Nobel Prize in Literature. He was known for his poetry, art, songs and literature along with his paintings and texts. The Indian national anthem is composed by Rabindranath Tagore. He has also composed the national anthem for Bangladesh.
“Norah Jones”, born Geethai Norah Jones Shankar, is a world famous singer and actor. Winning 9 Grammy awards, Norah's been named as one of the top Jazz artists in the last decade.
Popular Names – Bengali Boys
Hemchandra- golden moon
Madan- Cupid; the god of love
Nalinikanta-Lotus water
Chayan- collecting
Banibrata- controller of speech
Achintya-another name for lord Shiva; inconceivable; beyond comprehension
Popular Names – Bengali Girls
Aishwarya-wealth, prosperity
Chitralekha- one “as beautiful as a picture”
Nabanita- Seeta ( A popular name is Indian mythology) which means Furrowed Brow
Indrani- consort of Indra.
(Indra is a popular character in Indian Mythology who shines like gold. India also means “king” or “war”. His wife is known as Indrani.)  
Ratnabali- heroine of the Sanskrit Sahitya.
(The Sanskrit Sahitya is a Vedic cultural book which describes the rich culture and traditions India possesses. Ratnabali means “a string of pearls”.) 
Amala- calm & quiet; the pure one